Rabat is the capital of the kingdom and the Rabat-Sale Kenitra region, an administrative, ministerial, and civil service city. It is also the headquarters of embassies from foreign countries.
Because of its cultural and historical value, the city has been declared World Heritage by UNESCO.
On the other side of the Bu Regrag River is the city of Sale, which has been converted into a residential neighborhood in the capital. Both cities form a metropolis of more than 1,500,000 inhabitants, which grows continuously adding new neighborhoods and creating new satellite cities, such as Tamesna next to Temara and Sidi Yahya des Zaer and Sala Yadida near Salé.
Rabat and Sale history:
The mouth of the Bou Regreg River was a place of human settlement for many millennia. The Romans founded the Sala Colonia, next to the river. In the Muslim era, it is the Almoravides that create a coastal fortress, but the Almohads build the city by providing it with walls and a large mosque, the Hassan Tower, turning the ruins of Sala into the Chellad necropolis.
Abandoned the city by the Saadie, it is not until the 18th century when it resurfaces with the arrival of the Andalusians expelled from Spain by Felipe III, who build the current medina. Those from Hornachos become strong in Sale, making it an autonomous city dedicated to piracy. Muley Ismail created, to fight against them, the kasbah, being offered its defense to the tribe of the Oudayas.
After a decline during the nineteenth century, with the establishment of the French protectorate, General Lyautey, designates it as capital, due to its geographical location, to the detriment of Fes, more interior and difficult to defend. Once converted into capital, a new city and a large Royal Palace are built.
After independence, it presented great demographic growth.